多措并举 精准发力 努力营造稳定公平透明可预期的营商环境

2018年03月18日 来源:北京市发展和改革委员会

  

  各位媒体朋友们:

  大家上午好,感谢各位出席“优化营商环境北京在行动”新闻发布会。为深入贯彻落实党的十九大精神和习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想,根据党中央、国务院关于进一步优化营商环境的决策部署,按照市委市政府的统一工作安排,在去年出台率先行动实施方案和136条政策措施清单的基础上,市发展改革委会同市财政局、市规划国土委、市城市管理委、市商务委、市工商局、市金融局、市高级人民法院、市电力公司等单位,坚持问题导向、目标导向和效果导向,精准制定了一批优化营商环境的政策措施,形成了“9+N”的政策体系,努力营造稳定公平透明可预期的营商环境。在世界瞩目、振奋人心的全国“两会”召开之际,这批政策集中公开向社会发布,既是市委、市政府率先贯彻落实全国“两会”精神的一次重大行动,又体现了全市上下加快落实首都城市战略定位、推动高质量发展的信心和决心。下面,我向大家简要介绍政策制定的总体情况。

  第一,主要做法和考虑。

  一是高位推动,加快形成全市齐抓共促的工作格局。去年7月习近平总书记在中央财经领导小组第十六次会议上指出:“北京、上海、广州、深圳等特大城市要率先加大营商环境改革力度。”李克强总理在今年政府工作报告中指出:“优化营商环境就是解放生产力、提高竞争力。”北京市委、市政府高度重视优化营商环境,蔡奇书记、陈吉宁市长对涉及问题亲自协调,对重要任务亲自部署,对政策出台亲自把关。今年以来,围绕“9+N”政策出台,市领导召开了35次调度会,部门间召开了158次协调会,全市61个相关单位和16个区齐心协力,努力打造与建设国际一流的和谐宜居之都相适应的营商环境。

  二是对标一流,全力打造国际化的营商环境新高地。坚持以法治化、国际化、便利化为导向,借鉴国际领先标准,认真对接世界银行营商环境报告方法学,在改革政策设计上与国际接轨。比如在企业跨境贸易方面,采取多项举措优化报关报检和查验,便利单证办理,推广应用国际贸易“单一窗口”,主动引入国际通用的行业规范和管理标准,进一步提升做事规则的国际化水平。

  三是系统优化,大力提升企业全生命周期的服务质量。坚持以建设服务型政府、进一步提高服务企业能力和水平为核心,聚焦办理施工许可、开办登记、纳税、获得电力、跨境贸易、获得信贷、登记财产等重点环节,在充分听取企业需求的基础上,认真分析制约因素,加大改革攻坚力度,努力为企业发展提供更贴身更贴心的定制服务。

  四是简政放权,深入实施“三精简一透明”的改革举措。以精简环节、精简时间、精简费用、增加透明度为重点,大力推进“放管服”改革,加快发展“互联网+政务服务”,创新服务方式,优化服务流程,努力为企业创造审批最少、流程最优、效率最高、服务最好的营商环境,切实强化企业市场主体地位,最大程度为企业松绑减负。

  五是注重实效,着力解决好“最后一公里”问题。为确保政策实施效果,一方面对全市各单位基层工作人员开展政策培训,让每个工作人员深刻了解政策内涵、改革措施、操作规程,切实增强服务意识,提高服务效率,把政策落实落细落地;另一方面积极面向企业开展多种方式多种渠道的沟通解读,提升相关政策措施的知晓度和应用度。

  第二,主要政策和措施

  本市出台的“9+N”政策体系,就是要针对营商环境的痛点、难点、堵点问题,按照“三精简一透明”原则,精准施策、重点突破,从广度和深度两个方面,不断增强企业和社会对北京改革优化营商环境的获得感。

  一是精简环节。能简则简,能合则合,让企业少跑腿、好办事、不添堵。在社会投资建设项目审批方面,实施分类管理,精简了审批前置要件,搭建了建设项目“多规合一”协同平台,优化技术评估环节,建立施工图联合审查和竣工联合验收的工作机制,明确社会投资的房屋建设工程不再强制要求进行设计和施工招投标。在获取电力方面,精简用电报装资料种类和数量,取消了小微企业内部工程图纸审核及中间检查,使办电环节由原来的6个减少到3个。在缴纳税费方面,推出办税事项“最多跑一次”和“一次不用跑”清单,纳税人在网上即可办理清单事项或最多只需要到税务机关跑一次。优化住房公积金登记开户办理流程,简化申报材料,将原有6张表单简化为1张申请表。在不动产登记方面,推广“互联网+不动产登记”改革,实施“一窗办理”举措,将当前房地产登记所需的交易、税务、登记3个部门调整为一口受理、内部流转、并联审批、减少环节。

  二是精简时间。去繁就简,能压则压,大幅压缩企业开办时间和行政审批时间。开办企业方面,推动设立区级企业开办大厅、实现“只进一门,只对一窗”,推广工商登记全程电子化、线上申请登记最快当日即可办结,扩大名称自主预查范围、最快20分钟可完成名称登记,工商登记所需时间从8个工作日压缩至1-3个工作日。推出初次申领增值税发票快捷办理套餐,将领取发票的时间由10天压缩至1天。施工许可方面,通过再造审批流程,社会投资建设项目办理时限压缩至45个工作日以内。市政接入方面,按照注重审批向注重监管、串联向并联转变的思路,承诺办理总时限不超过40个工作日。财产登记方面,积极构建“互联网+不动产登记”,办理时限压缩到1-5个工作日。跨境贸易方面,加强京津两地通力合作,京津口岸跨境贸易便利化水平大幅提升,原产地证2小时办结,由京津商务部门签发的自动进口许可证、出口许可证1个工作日内可完成审批。推动实现检验检疫全程网上办理,办理时间由36个小时缩减到2小时。

  三是精简费用。我市在去年为企业和社会减负超过400亿元的基础上,再次大力简政减税减费,进一步激发市场主体活力。开办企业方面,完善公章刻制即时自动备案机制,为企业免费提供刻制公章服务,取消了平均300元的成本,预计每年减轻企业负担6000万元。跨境贸易方面,对企业反映强烈的口岸不合理收费行为予以清理和规范,依法查处各类违法违规收费问题,切实维护企业合法权益。获得电力方面,开展小微企业“零上门、零审批和零投资”三零专项服务行动,按照2017年相关数据测算,可为客户节省外电源投资约12亿元。

  四是增加透明度。坚持公开公正公平原则,明确政务办理规范标准,推动政务信息公开,主动接受企业和社会监督。政策制定公开方面,“9+N”的政策措施将在首都之窗和各相关单位网站全部公开公示,营商环境涉及事项的办理流程、费用、承诺办理时间、监管政策等以中英文双语形式在各单位官网上公布公示。以信息化推动政务办理公开方面,在建设项目审批领域,依托全市在线审批监管平台,15个部门和16个区全部上网,推进“一网审批”。在开办企业领域,开通网上办事服务系统“e网通”,按照“一数一源、信息共享、协同办理”的原则统一部门间信息共享交换标准,打通不同层级、不同部门信息系统之间的共享通道,逐步实现企业开办事项网上办理。在纳税领域,推进国地税服务融合、征管协同、信息共享。在获得信贷领域,完善和丰富“信用北京”及北京市企业信用信息系统网站服务功能。

  优化营商环境是一项系统工程,“9+N”政策只是起点、不是终点,需要坚持长短结合、持续用力、久久为功。下一步我们将聘请权威的第三方机构开展政策效果评估,不断探索,不断总结,并以服务业扩大开放综合试点三周年评估和中关村创新发展40周年为契机,研究制定本市改革优化营商环境三年行动计划。我们坚信,经过持续不断的努力,我们一定能够把北京打造成国际一流的营商环境高地,成为我国建设开放型经济新体制的排头兵。

  我就简要介绍这些,谢谢大家。

  Material for the Press Release, Information Office of the People’s Government of Beijing Municipality

  Multiple Measures and Targeted Efforts

  Striving for a Stable, Equitable, Transparent and Predictable Business Environment

  March 18th, 2018

  Beijing Municipal Commission of Development and Reform

  Friends from the media:

  Good morning. Thank you for attending today’s press conference themed “For a Better Business Environment, Beijing Is on the Move”. To further implement the guiding principles of the 19th CPC National Congress and Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, in accordance with the strategic decision made by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on further improving business environment and the working arrangement made by the CPC Beijing Municipal Committee and the Municipal Government, on the basis of launching a pioneering action plan and a list of 136 measures last year, the Municipal Development and Reform Commission has joined hands with the municipal finance bureau, municipal commission of city planning and land resources, municipal city management commission, municipal commission of commerce, municipal industrial and commercial bureau, municipal bureau of financial work, municipal high people’s court, Beijing electric power corporation, and other departments, formulated a set of targeted policies and measures for optimizing the business environment focusing on solving problems, achieving goals and producing results, and put in place a “9+N” policy system, to build a stable, equitable, transparent and predictable business environment.

  At the time of the exciting NPC and CPPCC sessions (the two sessions) which has already drawn attention from all over the world, we are releasing these policies to the public. It is not only an important action by the municipal party committee and municipal government taking a lead in the country to implement the spirit of “two sessions”, but also a representation of the whole city’s conviction and determination to accelerate implementation of the strategic positioning of the capital city, and to promote high-quality development. Next, I will brief you about the overall situation of the policies.

  First, major actions and considerations.

  The first is to promote the work in a top-down manner and to speed up forming a work pattern featuring whole-city concerted actions. Last July, General Secretary Xi Jinping, pointed out at the 16th meeting of the Central Leading Group on Financial and Economic Affairs, that “Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and other mega-cities shall take the lead in enhancing reform of the business environment. Premier Li Keqiang, pointed out in this year’s report on the work of the government, that “optimizing the business environment is to emancipate productive forces and to boost competitiveness”. The CPC Beijing Municipal Committee and the Municipal Government highly value business environment improvement. Secretary Cai Qi and Mayor Chen Jining have both engaged in person, to coordinate efforts in solving problems, to deploy people for important missions, and to inspect each policy to be launched. Since the beginning of this year, focusing on the “9+N” policy, the municipal leadership has held 35 coordination meetings, and 158 inter-department coordination meetings are held. The whole city’s 61 departments and 16 districts have joined hands to create a business environment compatible with our goal of building a world-class metropolis that is harmonious and livable.

  The second is to hold ourselves against the top benchmark, and strive to reach a new high in creating an internationalized business environment. We aim to make the business environment more law-based, internationalized and convenient. We will learn from advanced international standards, adopt the world bank business environment report methodology and comply with international practices in designing the reform policy. For example, in corporate cross-border trade, we will take multiple measures to optimize customs clearance and inspections, facilitate paper work, promote the use of international trade “single window”, take the initiative to introduce internationally-accepted industrial regulations and management standards, and thus make our rules for business doing more internationalized.

  The third is systematic optimization and substantially improving the quality of full life-circle corporate services. We aim to build a service-oriented government and further raise our ability to serve the enterprises. We will focus on key links such as construction permit, establishment registration, taxation, power access, cross-border trade, credit access, and property registration. We will listen to companies raising their needs, and on the basis of that earnestly analyze restricting factors, increase efforts to overcome difficulties of the reform, and strive to provide more accessible, considerate and customized services to enterprises.

  The forth is to streamline administration, delegate power and further implement “three cuts, one transparent” reform initiative. Focusing on cutting steps, time and cost and increasing transparency, we are working hard to advance the reform of “streamlining administration, delegating power, innovating in regulation and improving government services”, speed up the development of “Internet plus administrative service”, innovate in service patterns, optimize service procedures, and strive for creating a business environment with the simplest approval, the greatest efficiency, and the best services for companies, and thus enhance the role of companies as market entities and relieve companies of their burdens to the maximum extent.

  The fifth is to value effectiveness and address “the last kilometer” problem. To ensure effectiveness of the policies, we on the one hand will carry out trainings for basic level staff of all units of the city; make sure that everyone understands the policy, reform measures, and operation procedures; raise their sense of providing services, improve service efficiency, and thoroughly implement policies without compromise. On the other hand, we will actively set up various channels to communicate with companies, to make relevant policies better known and better implemented.

  Second, main policies and measures.

  The “9+N” policy system launched in Beijing Municipality targets the “pains, difficulties and obstacles” of the business environment. In accordance with the principle of “three cuts, one transparent”, we will accurately adopt policies, make key breakthroughs, and thus constantly increase the sense of gain by companies and the society from Beijing’s reform of improving business environment.

  The first is to streamline procedures. We are simplifying and incorporating everything that can be simplified and incorporated, to save companies from running extra errands, help them get things done in an easier way with less trouble. For instance, in the approval of private-invested construction projects, we will implement management by category, simplify pre-conditions for approval, build collaboration platform of “incorporated regulations” for construction projects, optimize technical evaluation steps, put in place work mechanisms for construction drawings joint examination and project completion and acceptance joint approval, and make it clear that private-invested housing construction projects are no longer required to go through bidding and tendering for design and construction. In terms of power access, we will cut down the number and categories of documentation required for power access application, cancel small and micro companies’ internal project drawing examination and intermediate inspection, with the power access approval steps cut down from 6 to 3. As for tax payment, we will bring up a list of items requiring “at maximum one trip” and a list of items “with no trip” required, which means that tax payers can process items on their to-do list online or make only one trip to the tax authority office. We will optimize the procedure for registering and opening accounts of public accumulation funds for housing, simplify paper work from the originally required 6 application forms to just one. In terms of real estate registration, we will promote the “Internet plus real estate registration” reform, adopt a “one window service” measure, integrate the former three departments handling trade, taxation and registration into one; and with internal circulation and joint approval, the steps will be reduced.

  The second is to save time. We will simplify everything that can be simplified, to shorten the starting time and approval time of company establishment. In terms of starting a business, we will promote to set up district-level business creation administration halls, realize “one door and one window” service, promote the whole-process electronic business registration, and online application registration can be processed within the day at the quickest pace. We will expand the scopes for name self-checking and preliminary checking, and the quickest name registration can be completed within 20 minutes. Business registration will be shortened from 8 work days to 1-3 work days. A quick pass package will be launched for first-timer applications of VAT invoice, and the invoice issuance time will be cut from 10 days to one day. As for construction permit, the procedure for private-invested construction projects can be decreased to within 45 work days. In terms of city utility connection, we have shifted our focus from approval to supervision, from linage connection to parallel connection, and thus promised to have the total administrative procedure completed within 40 work days. As for property registration, we are actively establishing “Internet plus real estate registration”, and the process can be shortened to 1-5 work days. As for cross-border trade, we will enhance cooperation between Beijing and Tianjin, and increased facilitation in the Beijing-Tianjin port cross-border trade. Certificate of Origin can be issued within 2 hours, and applications for automatic import permit and export permit issued by the commerce authorities of Beijing and Tianjin can be approved within one work day. We are promoting to have the whole inspection and quarantine process completed online, cutting the processing time from 36 hours to two hours.

  The third is to cut cost. Beijing Municipality relieved companies and the society of burdens worth more than 40 billion yuan last year, and on the basis of that, we are once again substantially streamlining administration, cutting tax and reducing charges, to further stimulate vitality of market entities. As for company establishment, we will improve the automatic record-filing system for official seals manufactured, provide free official seal making service for companies, which saves a cost of 300 yuan on average and presumably 60 million yuan for companies each year. In terms of cross-border trade, we are removing and regulating on unreasonable charges at ports as reflected by companies strongly, investigating and punishing all charges violating the rules and the law, to ensure the legitimate interests of companies. As for power access, we are implementing a “three zeros” special service campaign for small and micro-sized enterprises, that is “Zero Visit, Zero Approval, and Zero Investment”. Based on calculations of the data in 2017, it is estimated that we can help clients save 1.2 billion yuan worth of external power investment.

  The forth is to increase transparency. In line with the principle of openness, fairness and equity, we have made clear standards for handling administrative affairs and promoted open government information to subject ourselves to corporate and social supervision. In terms of open policy formulation, all “9+N” policies and measures will be publicized on E-Beijing, the official website of the Beijing Municipal government and other official websites of related authorities. Procedures, fees, promised deadlines and regulatory policies concerning business climate optimization will be publicized on the above-mentioned official websites in both Chinese and English. To advance open government through IT application, we will do the following things. We will, based on online approval supervision platforms city-wide, promote “universal on-line approval” concerning 15 government departments and 16 municipal districts for examination and approval of construction projects. We will put in place an interconnected online service system for business creation. In line with the principle of “no repetition in data collection, information sharing and coordination in processing”, information sharing and exchange standards will be harmonized between different government departments to make sure smooth sharing is delivered across different hierarchies and departments, so that business-creation related matters can be gradually processed online. In taxation, we will integrate state and local taxation services, coordinate tax collection and management, and share information. In credit services, we will improve and increase the number of services provided by the “Credit Beijing” website and the Beijing Corporate Credit Information System website.

  Optimizing business climate is a systemic project. The “9+N” policies represent only a starting point rather than the finishing line of our efforts. We must bear in mind both long-term and short-term goals and make persistent efforts to see our tasks through. Going forward, we will hire reliable third party organizations to conduct policy impact evaluation. We will continue to explore and review, and formulate a 3-year action plan to reform and improve our business climate on the occasion of the third year anniversary of the pilot program for opening up wider the city’s service sector and the 40th anniversary of innovation-driven Z-Park development. We are convinced that, with our unremitting efforts, we will surely build Beijing into a world-class metropolis featuring an enabling business climate and a bellwether for the country’s new economic system characterized by opening up.

  This is end of my introduction. Thank you!

  

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